Penn State Online Degrees Certificates and Courses Offered Online From Penn State World Campus

Penn State Online Degrees Certificates and Courses Offered Online From Penn State World Campus
– An academic degree is a qualification awarded to students on rich endowment of a course of scrutiny in far ahead education, usually at a school or university. These institutions commonly offer degrees at various levels, usually including bachelor’s, masters and doctorates, often next door to further academic certificates and professional degrees. The most common undergraduate degree is the bachelor’s degree, although in some countries degrade qualifications are titled degrees (e.g. belong to degrees in the US or commencement degrees in the UK) even if in others a higher-level first degree is more usual.

The doctorate (Latin: doceo I teach) appeared in medieval Europe as a license to tutor (Latin: licentia docendi) at a medieval university. Its roots can be traced to the to the fore church past the term “doctor” referred to the Apostles, church fathers and new Christian authorities who taught and interpreted the Bible. The right to come to a licentia docendi was originally reserved to the church which required the applicant to pass a test, to acknowledge oath of allegiance and pay a fee. The Third Council of the Lateran of 1179 guaranteed the entry now largely free of engagement of every skilled applicants, who were, however, nevertheless tested for faculty by the ecclesiastic scholastic. This right remained a bone of contention along with the church authorities and the slowly emancipating universities, but was established by the Pope to the university circles of Paris in 1231 where it became a universal license to tutor (licentia ubique docendi). However, while the licentia continued to withhold a highly developed prestige than the bachelor’s degree (Baccalaureus), it was ultimately edited to an intermediate step to the Magister and doctorate, both of which now became the exclusive qualification for teaching. Penn State Online Degrees Certificates and Courses Offered Online From Penn State World Campus
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At the University, doctoral training was a form of apprenticeship to a guild. The usual term of testing past other teachers were admitted to the guild of “Master of Arts”, seven years, was the similar as the term of apprenticeship for other occupations. Originally the terms “master” and “doctor” were synonymous, but more than era the doctorate came to be regarded as a progressive qualification than the master degree.

Today the terms “master”, “Doctor” (from the Latin meaning literally: “teacher”) and “Professor” signify interchange levels of academic achievement, but in the Medieval academe they were equivalent terms, the use of them in the degree declare living thing a concern of custom at a university. (Most universities conferred the Master of Arts, although the highest degree was often termed Master of Theology/Divinity or Doctor of Theology/Divinity depending upon the place).

The outdated doctoral degrees (theology Divinitatis Doctor (D.D.), piece of legislation Legum Doctor (LL.D., innovative D.C.L.) and medicine Medicin Doctor (M.D., D.M.)) reflected the historical unfriendliness of all sophisticated university psychiatry into these three fields. exceeding time, the D.D. has gradually become less common uncovered theology and is now mostly used for honorary degrees, afterward the title “Doctor of Theology” innate used more often for earned degrees. Studies uncovered theology, decree and medicine were after that called “philosophy”, due to the Renaissance conviction that real knowledge could be derived from empirical observation. The degree title of Doctor of Philosophy is a much unconventional mature and was not introduced in England back 1900. Studies in what like was called philosophy are now classified as sciences and humanities.

The the academy of Bologna in Italy, regarded as the oldest college circles in Europe, was the first institution to confer the degree of Doctor in Civil pretense in the tardy 12th century; it afterward conferred similar degrees in new subjects, including medicine.

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The academe of Paris used the term “master” for its graduates, a practice adopted by the English universities of Oxford and Cambridge, as skillfully as the ancient Scottish universities of St Andrews, Glasgow, Aberdeen and Edinburgh.

Penn State Online Degrees Certificates and Courses Offered Online From Penn State World Campus

Universities and community colleges rave review degrees at shifting levels, from associate’s degrees to doctoral degrees. afterward comparing alternative degrees, students can find which program best fits their career goals and academic interests.

There are four major categories of degrees to hand for postsecondary students: associate, bachelor’s, master’s and doctoral degrees. Earning one of these degrees can allow 2-8 years, depending on the level of the degree and auditorium of study. Graduate-level programs may require students to fixed one or more undergraduate programs prior to enrollment.

Associate Degrees

Associate-level programs manage to pay for rotate degrees for a variety of careers. These 2-year programs may give the critical training to prepare students for entry-level positions in fields as soon as nursing, graphic design and extra vocational areas. associate degree programs are most commonly handy from community colleges and highbrow schools.

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Completing an associate degree program may qualify former students to enter the workforce. Transferable member degree programs lid the general education requirements needed to continue a student’s education at a 4-year university. The most common degrees easily reached at the belong to level count the following:

  • Associate of Arts (A.A.)
  • Associate of Science (A.S.)
  • Associate of Applied Science (AAS)

Bachelor’s Degrees

A bachelor’s degree program is an undergraduate program that usually takes four years to complete. Enrolling in a bachelor’s degree program requires that students choose a major place of study, such as finance, history, communications or biology. former students from a bachelor’s degree program are endorsed to feign in get into or management-level positions, depending upon the field. Penn State Online Degrees Certificates and Courses Offered Online From Penn State World Campus
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A bachelor’s degree is as well as usually required for open into a graduate program. The vary types of degrees reachable in a bachelor’s degree program put in the following:

  • Bachelor of Arts (B.A.)
  • Bachelor of Science (B.S.)
  • Bachelor of fine Arts (BFA)
  • Bachelor of Applied Science (BAS)

Master’s Degrees

Master’s degree programs are graduate programs that let students specialize in an place of study. They typically resign yourself to 1-2 years to complete. Along bearing in mind an undergraduate degree, enrolling in a master’s degree program usually requires a minimum GPA and an recognition score upon a graduate entre exam, such as the Graduate sticker album assay (GRE). Many master’s degree programs require a thesis or capstone project for graduation. Penn State Online Degrees Certificates and Courses Offered Online From Penn State World Campus
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Earning a master’s degree may qualify former students to decree in modern or executive-level positions. A master’s degree is as a consequence required for entry into some doctoral programs. alternating degree programs comprehensible at the master’s degree level tally the following:

  • Master of Arts (M.A.)
  • Master of Science (M.S.)
  • Master of event
  • Administration (MBA)
  • Master of good Arts (MFA)

Doctoral Degrees

Doctoral degree programs, in addition to known as Ph.D. programs, are the most highly developed type of degree program available. right of entry into a doctoral degree program may require individuals to retain a master’s degree, although several programs accept candidates who without help withhold bachelor’s degrees. further requirements to be fashionable into these programs may affix submitting standardized test scores and sending in letters of recommendation.

Completing a Ph.D. program usually takes several years, and often involves the completion of a dissertation and a major research project. Medical-related doctoral programs may have students unmodified hands-on clinical hours like real patients during the unchangeable years of the program. Penn State Online Degrees Certificates and Courses Offered Online From Penn State World Campus
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Ph.D. graduates are ascribed to acquit yourself as experts in areas of matter or research, and professors at the postsecondary level. Common types of doctoral degrees affix those listed below:

  • Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
  • Juris Doctor (J.D.)
  • Doctor of Medicine (M.D.)
  • Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS)

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While there are many alternating instructor level degree options, the four main degree levels swell associate, bachelors, masters, and doctorate.

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Online Master’s Degree Programs Penn State Online Degrees Certificates and Courses Offered Online From Penn State World Campus

AMU online master’s degree programs are ideal if you desire a more in-depth assay of your undergraduate degree or to pursue supplementary academic examination in option field.

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You must have completed a bachelor’s degree from an accredited institution past starting a master’s degree program at AMU. Master’s degrees range from 36 to 48 semester hours (about 12-15 courses) and culminate next a thesis, capstone course, internship, or integrative practicum. Dual degree programs permit for skill of two master’s degrees within a compressed era frame, and range from 60-69 semester hours (20-23 courses) of examination following one culminating capstone experience.

Source
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Academic_degree
https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/degree
https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/degree