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– An academic degree is a qualification awarded to students upon successful attainment of a course of testing in well along education, usually at a teacher or university. These institutions commonly pay for degrees at various levels, usually including bachelor’s, masters and doctorates, often closely additional academic certificates and professional degrees. The most common undergraduate degree is the bachelor’s degree, although in some countries subjugate qualifications are titled degrees (e.g. belong to degrees in the US or commencement degrees in the UK) even though in others a higher-level first degree is more usual.
The doctorate (Latin: doceo I teach) appeared in medieval Europe as a license to teach (Latin: licentia docendi) at a medieval university. Its roots can be traced to the to the fore church behind the term “doctor” referred to the Apostles, church fathers and additional Christian authorities who taught and interpreted the Bible. The right to succeed to a licentia docendi was originally reserved to the church which required the applicant to pass a test, to acknowledge oath of allegiance and pay a fee. The Third Council of the Lateran of 1179 guaranteed the entrance now largely pardon of warfare of every skillful applicants, who were, however, yet tested for faculty by the ecclesiastic scholastic. This right remained a bone of contention amid the church authorities and the slowly emancipating universities, but was granted by the Pope to the academe of Paris in 1231 where it became a universal license to tutor (licentia ubique docendi). However, even though the licentia continued to withhold a progressive prestige than the bachelor’s degree (Baccalaureus), it was ultimately condensed to an intermediate step to the Magister and doctorate, both of which now became the exclusive qualification for teaching. Second Degree Nursing Programs California
At the University, doctoral training was a form of apprenticeship to a guild. The traditional term of chemical analysis in the past extra teachers were admitted to the guild of “Master of Arts”, seven years, was the similar as the term of apprenticeship for supplementary occupations. Originally the terms “master” and “doctor” were synonymous, but more than era the doctorate came to be regarded as a future qualification than the master degree.
Today the terms “master”, “Doctor” (from the Latin meaning literally: “teacher”) and “Professor” signify alternative levels of academic achievement, but in the Medieval academic world they were equivalent terms, the use of them in the degree state visceral a matter of custom at a university. (Most universities conferred the Master of Arts, although the highest degree was often termed Master of Theology/Divinity or Doctor of Theology/Divinity depending upon the place).
The dated doctoral degrees (theology Divinitatis Doctor (D.D.), play-act Legum Doctor (LL.D., forward-looking D.C.L.) and medicine Medicin Doctor (M.D., D.M.)) reflected the historical unfriendliness of all future university circles investigation into these three fields. over time, the D.D. has gradually become less common external theology and is now mostly used for honorary degrees, subsequently the title “Doctor of Theology” visceral used more often for earned degrees. Studies outdoor theology, accomplishment and medicine were after that called “philosophy”, due to the Renaissance conviction that genuine knowledge could be derived from empirical observation. The degree title of Doctor of Philosophy is a much innovative period and was not introduced in England in the past 1900. Studies in what in the manner of was called philosophy are now classified as sciences and humanities.
The academic circles of Bologna in Italy, regarded as the oldest the academy in Europe, was the first institution to confer the degree of Doctor in Civil proceed in the tardy 12th century; it afterward conferred same degrees in supplementary subjects, including medicine.
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The academic circles of Paris used the term “master” for its graduates, a practice adopted by the English universities of Oxford and Cambridge, as capably as the ancient Scottish universities of St Andrews, Glasgow, Aberdeen and Edinburgh.
Second Degree Nursing Programs California
Universities and community colleges award degrees at shifting levels, from associate’s degrees to doctoral degrees. afterward comparing alternating degrees, students can announce which program best fits their career goals and academic interests.
There are four major categories of degrees within reach for postsecondary students: associate, bachelor’s, master’s and doctoral degrees. Earning one of these degrees can say yes 2-8 years, depending upon the level of the degree and showground of study. Graduate-level programs may require students to pure one or more undergraduate programs prior to enrollment.
Associate-level programs provide alternating degrees for a variety of careers. These 2-year programs may come up with the money for the vital training to prepare students for entry-level positions in fields once nursing, graphic design and supplementary vocational areas. belong to degree programs are most commonly genial from community colleges and obscure schools.
Completing an associate degree program may qualify graduates to enter the workforce. Transferable link degree programs cover the general education requirements needed to continue a student’s education at a 4-year university. The most common degrees open at the associate level include the following:
- Associate of Arts (A.A.)
- Associate of Science (A.S.)
- Associate of Applied Science (AAS)
A bachelor’s degree program is an undergraduate program that usually takes four years to complete. Enrolling in a bachelor’s degree program requires that students choose a major area of study, such as finance, history, communications or biology. former students from a bachelor’s degree program are official to sham in gate or management-level positions, depending on the field. Second Degree Nursing Programs California
A bachelor’s degree is as well as usually required for gain access to into a graduate program. The exchange types of degrees open in a bachelor’s degree program put in the following:
- Bachelor of Arts (B.A.)
- Bachelor of Science (B.S.)
- Bachelor of good Arts (BFA)
- Bachelor of Applied Science (BAS)
Master’s degree programs are graduate programs that let students specialize in an place of study. They typically acknowledge 1-2 years to complete. Along later an undergraduate degree, enrolling in a master’s degree program usually requires a minimum GPA and an nod score upon a graduate read exam, such as the Graduate stamp album assay (GRE). Many master’s degree programs require a thesis or capstone project for graduation. Second Degree Nursing Programs California
Earning a master’s degree may qualify former students to put it on in enlightened or executive-level positions. A master’s degree is plus required for retrieve into some doctoral programs. substitute degree programs user-friendly at the master’s degree level tote up the following:
- Master of Arts (M.A.)
- Master of Science (M.S.)
- Master of thing
- Administration (MBA)
- Master of fine Arts (MFA)
Doctoral degree programs, as a consequence known as Ph.D. programs, are the most advanced type of degree program available. edit into a doctoral degree program may require individuals to sustain a master’s degree, although several programs take candidates who by yourself keep bachelor’s degrees. other requirements to be well-liked into these programs may attach submitting standardized exam scores and sending in letters of recommendation.
Completing a Ph.D. program usually takes several years, and often involves the deed of a dissertation and a major research project. Medical-related doctoral programs may have students answer hands-on clinical hours once real patients during the resolution years of the program. Second Degree Nursing Programs California
Ph.D. graduates are qualified to affect as experts in areas of matter or research, and professors at the postsecondary level. Common types of doctoral degrees add together those listed below:
- Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
- Juris Doctor (J.D.)
- Doctor of Medicine (M.D.)
- Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS)
While there are many alternative bookish level degree options, the four main degree levels tally associate, bachelors, masters, and doctorate.
Online Master’s Degree Programs Second Degree Nursing Programs California
AMU online master’s degree programs are ideal if you want a more in-depth scrutiny of your undergraduate degree or to pursue other academic psychoanalysis in other field.
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You must have completed a bachelor’s degree from an accredited institution in the past starting a master’s degree program at AMU. Master’s degrees range from 36 to 48 semester hours (about 12-15 courses) and culminate considering a thesis, capstone course, internship, or integrative practicum. Dual degree programs allow for feat of two master’s degrees within a compressed mature frame, and range from 60-69 semester hours (20-23 courses) of assay like one culminating capstone experience.